HTML Links – Anchor Tag

HTML links are a fundamental part of creating web pages. They allow you to connect different web pages and resources together, enabling users to navigate between pages, access external websites, or download files.

Links are created using the <a> (anchor) element, and they can be customized with various attributes.

Basic Link Structure

The basic structure of an HTML link is as follows:

<a href="URL">Link Text</a>
  • <a>: This is the anchor element, which defines a hyperlink.
  • href: This attribute specifies the destination of the link, which can be a URL, a local file path, or an email address.
  • Link Text: This is the visible text or content that the user clicks on to follow the link.

Example –

In this example, when a user clicks on the text “Visit,” they will be directed to the URL “

<a href="">Visit</a>

Links Attributes

HTML links (created using the <a> element) can be customized and enhanced with various attributes to control their behavior and provide additional information to users.

Here are some of the most commonly used HTML link attributes:

href attribute

The href attribute specifies the URL (Uniform Resource Locator) to which the link points.

It can be an absolute URL (starting with “http://” or “https://”), a relative URL (relative to the current page), or an anchor link (pointing to a specific section within the same page).

Absolute URL

<a href="">Visit</a>

Relative URL

<a href="about.html">About Us</a>

Anchor Link

<a href="#section">Jump to Section</a>

target attribute

The target attribute specifies where the linked content will open. Common values include:

  • _blank: Opens the link in a new browser tab or window.
  • _self: Opens the link in the same window or frame.
  • _parent: Opens the link in the parent frame (useful for framesets).
  • _top: Opens the link in the full browser window, breaking out of any frames.
<a href="" target="_blank">Visit in a new tab</a>

title attribute

The title attribute provides additional information about the link when a user hovers their mouse over it. It’s often used for accessibility and to offer more context about the link.

<a href="about.html" title="Learn more about our company">About Us</a>

rel attribute

The rel attribute specifies the relationship between the current page and the linked resource.

Common values include

  • nofollow” for search engine optimization (SEO) purposes and
  • noopener” for security to prevent the linked page from having access to the original page’s window.
<a href="" rel="noopener nofollow">Visit</a>

download attribute

The download attribute, when added to a link, prompts the user to download the linked resource rather than navigating to it. It is commonly used for downloadable files like PDFs or images.

<a href="document.pdf" download>Download PDF</a>

Links Linking

HTML links are used to connect different web pages or resources together, allowing users to navigate from one web page to another. You can create links in HTML using the <a> (anchor) element, specifying the destination using the href attribute.

Here’s how you can create links and link different web pages together:

External Linking

External linking in HTML involves creating hyperlinks that connect your web pages to resources outside of your own website or domain.

These links are used to direct users to other websites, online documents, or resources hosted on different server

<a href="">visit</a>

Internal Linking

Internal linking in HTML is when you create hyperlinks that connect different sections or pages within the same website or web application.

This helps users navigate your site more easily and find related content. Internal links are often used in website navigation menus, for linking to other articles or pages within a blog, or for creating a table of contents within a single page.

To link to other pages on the same website, use relative URLs

<a href="/about.html">About Us</a>
<a href="/contact.html">Contact</a>

Local Files Linking

You can create links to local files on your server or device by providing the file path in the href attribute

<a href="documents/myfile.pdf">Download PDF</a>

Email Addresses Linking

You can create links that allow users to send emails by using the “mailto” scheme in the href attribute.

<a href="">Contact Us</a>

When the user clicks on “Contact Us,” it will open their default email client with the recipient address set to “”

Specific Section Linking

You can create links within the same page to direct users to specific sections by using the # symbol followed by an anchor name.

<a href="#section2">Jump to Section 2</a>
<h2 id="section2">Section 2</h2>